At Solutions Behavioral Consulting, our passion is helping individuals of all abilities to thrive by using evidence based practices rooted in the science of applied behavior analysis to help our students achieve their goals and improve socially significant behaviors to a meaningful degree.
Our Philosophy and Practice
Applied Behavior Analysis
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the:
- Scientific study of human behavior,
- Application of the principles of learning and motivation from Behavior Analysis, and
- Procedures and technology derived from those principles, to the solution of problems of social significance.
Many decades of research have validated treatments based on ABA. The principles of behavior analysis are applied systematically to improve socially significant behaviors to a meaningful degree. ABA includes the use of direct observation, measurement, and analysis to determine the relationship between the environment and behavior. ABA is based on the belief that an individual’s behavior is influenced by past and current environmental events. Behavior is modified based on external events that can be manipulated.
Over the past 40 years, several thousand published research studies have documented the effectiveness of ABA across a wide range of populations, practitioners, settings, and behaviors.
Discrete Trial Teaching
Discrete trial training (DTT) is one of many ABA teaching strategies. Discrete trial teaching, used across environments, enables the learner to acquire complex skills and behaviors by mastering and generalizing skills that have been broken down into their smallest parts. Discrete trial teaching is a systematic method of instructing students using a series of discrete trials in a fast-past manner. Targets or skills are presented repetitively to allow for intensive repeated practice of correct responses.
For example, when teaching a child to identify colors one color is targeted at a time. The student is asked to respond with the correct color label several times in a row until a mastery criteria is met. Prompting and reinforcement strategies are employed to ensure the student learns and practices the correct response. Once the student reaches criteria for the first color a new color is introduced. Teaching continues in a structured fashion until the student is able to identify all of the colors.
Discrete trial teaching is also used to teach more complex skills while still utilizing the repetition, prompting and reinforcment.
For example, when teaching a child to engage in a play with a car garage, one might first teach sub components of this skill, such as the individual actions that can be done with the car (i.e., pushing the car back and forth, saying “beep beep”). The discrete trial coupled with other behavior strategies (i.e., reinforcement, shaping, prompting) is used to teach the learner to complete sub component skills independently. Once the learner is independently successful the sub components are linked together to enable mastery of the targeted complex and functional skill. Discrete trial teaching is highly effective in teaching communication, play, motor, and daily living skills.
Certified Ohio Behavior Analyst (COBA)/Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA)
Solutions Behavioral Consulting consultants are Certified Ohio Behavior Analysts (COBA) and Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBA) and Assistant Behavior Analysts (BCaBA). A Certified Oho Behavior Analysts is certified by the Ohio State Board of Pscyhology to practice Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) in the state of Ohio.
An individual who is Board Certified as a Behavior Analyst or Assistant behavior analyst is a practitioner who conducts behavioral assessments, provides behavior analytic interpretations of the results, and provides recommendations for behavior change. A certified analyst has completed specific college coursework from a college or University with an approved Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) course sequence. The individual has also completed extensive supervised field hours to be eligible for the certification exam. A BCBA or BCaBA follows a strict ethical code and employs every effort to carry out effective behavior analytic interventions based on well-established research.